Report Summery – Autocratization Surges – Resistance Grows – DEMOCRACY REPORT 2020 in a video series (three videos) below.
* Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global population. Almost 35% of the world’s population lives in autocratizing nations – 2.6 billion people.
* EU has its first non-democracy as a member: Hungary is now classed as an electoral authoritarian regime.
* Major G20 nations and all regions of the world are part of the “third wave of autocratization”: autocratization is affecting Brazil, India, the United States of America, and Turkey, which are major economies with sizeable populations, exercising substantial global military, economic, and political influence. Latin America is back to a level last recorded in the early 1990s while Eastern Europe and Central Asia are at post-Soviet Union lows. India is on the verge of losing its status as a democracy due to the severely shrinking of space for the media, civil society, and the opposition under Prime Minister Modi’s government.
* Pro-democracy resistance grows from 27% in 2009 to 44% in 2019 amidst the autocratization surge. During 2019, citizens in 29 democracies mobilized against autocratization, such as in Bolivia, Poland, and Malawi. Citizens staged mass protests in 34 autocracies, among them Algeria, Hong Kong, and Sudan. (Source: v-dem.net/en/)
Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.
With six Principal Investigators (PIs), seventeen Project Managers (PMs) with special responsibility for issue areas, 33 Regional Managers (RMs), 134 Country Coordinators (CCs), Research Assistants, and 3,200 Country Experts (CEs), the V-Dem project is one of the largest social science data collection projects on democracy.
The Headquarters is based at the V-Dem Institute, the Department of Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.